Structure can provide children a sense of security through the uncertainty of COVID-19. Strong structures will help them develop self-management skills (a core competency of social and emotional learning). They will soak up the security, learn the skills to take responsibility, and take charge of their learning.



  • Set up “benchmark” times on a schedule that will be set for the day or week such as:

    • Wake up, eat breakfast, brush your teeth, etc...

    • Snack and Lunch

    • Virtual connection with peers

  • Schedule academic activities that students are tasked to work on in intervals.

    • 15 to 30 minutes for elementary-aged students

    • 30 to 45 minutes for middle school students

    • 45 minutes to an hour for high school students

  • Schedule enrichment activities like art, movement, music, etc. You should have at least two enrichment activities per day and more for younger kids.

  • Schedule in some mindfulness or quiet time. Try meditation, Doodle Time, yoga, daydreaming, or even napping!

  • Plan for some time to transition from one activity to the next so your child can get up and move to another location or stretch.

  • Create a “work in progress” folder or drawer so students can “stay on schedule” and go back to their work at a later time.

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Physical Space

  • Set up a supply table or area, designated for remote learning.

  • Clear a flat, smooth surface for your child to work on. Make sure they have adequate lighting and comfortable seating.

  • Place your child’s schedule near their work space. You can hang up a piece of chart paper for younger children or tape it to a laptop for older children.

  • You can find more tips for creating a supply area for remote learning here.

For Elementary Students

  • Get creative with break and enrichment times. Have children create a lunch menu or become a sous chef and prepare their next meal.

  • Prepare simple math games, use online read alouds, and always keep paper and a pencil on hand so children can “stay on schedule” if they finish an activity early.

  • Make students aware of time. Whether you have an analog clock in your house or use the digital clock on a computer, have even the youngest children use them (you can also use a timer to help them make the connection).

For Middle School Students

  • Middle school students, like most children, thrive on relationships! Be sure to help them schedule opportunities for virtual collaboration (academic and social) with peers.

  • Don’t get into a power struggle with your child. Talk about what works and what doesn’t work. Be flexible and make changes as you go. Empower them to take charge of scheduling and lead their learning.

  • Have students write start and end times for each activity. Put them in charge of transitioning from activity to activity (they may need a reminder or two in the beginning).

For High School Students

  • You may not need to be as specific with teens. For example, instead of scheduling a morning routine, provide your high school child with a start and end time.

  • Give older students more responsibility in creating the structures that work for them. Encourage them to reflect on what works and what doesn’t work.